中國海關總署公布,今年首季外貿進出口總值7.01萬億元人民幣(下同),按年升3.7%,當中出口3.77萬億元,按年升6.7%,進口3.24萬億元,按年升0.3%,貿易順差5296.7億元,擴大75.2%。3月外貿進出口2.46萬億元,按年升9.6%,其中出口1.34萬億元,按年升21.3%,進口1.12萬億元,跌1.8%。

當局指,今年首季中國對歐盟、東盟及日本等主要貿易伙伴進出口皆錄得增長,當中對歐盟貿易總值為1.11萬億元,按年升11.5%,佔外貿總值15.8%;對東盟貿易總值為9345.5億元,按年升8.1%,佔13.3%;中日貿易總值5055.5億元,按年升3.2%,佔7.2%。

首季中美貿易總值則按年跌11%至8158.6億元,佔外貿總值11.6%。當中出口6224.3億元,按年跌3.7%,進口1934.3億元,按年跌28.3%。3月中美貿易總值2913.5億元,按年升0.1%,其中出口2149.9億元,按年升10.6%,進口763.6億元,按年跌21%。

當局續指,國內經濟延續了總體平穩、穩中有進的發展態勢,經濟運行保持在合理區間,國內需求、市場預期等多項指標向好,其中3月份中國製造業採購經理指數(PMI)回升至景氣區間,表明製造業出現回暖。同時,進出口價格水平溫和提升,亦拉動外貿增長。據初步測算,首季中國進口、出口價格總體分別升3.5%、4.4%,呈現溫和上升趨勢。價格因素是首季進出口增長的主要拉動因素之一,其中出口價格對出口增長的貢獻度達到了66.3%;進口方面,部分大宗商品進口價格升幅較快,如天然氣、鐵礦砂、大豆等進口價格分別按年升28.2%、12.8%、8.8%。

The General Administration of Customs of China announced that the total value of foreign trade imports and exports in the first quarter of this year was RMB 7.01 trillion, up by 3.7% year-on-year, of which exports value was RMB 3.77 trillion, up by 6.7% year-on-year, and imports was RMB 3.24 trillion, up by 0.3% year-on-year, and the trade surplus was RMB 529.67 billion, representing an increase of 75.2%. In March, foreign trade imports and exports value reached RMB 2.46 trillion, up by 9.6% year-on-year, of which exports was RMB 1.34 trillion, up by 21.3% year-on-year, and imports was RMB 1.12 trillion, down by 1.8%.

According to the authorities, China’s imports and exports to major trading partners such as the EU, ASEAN and Japan recorded growth in the first quarter of this year. The total trade value to the EU was RMB 1.11 trillion, up by 11.5% year-on-year, accounting for 15.8% of the total foreign trade. The total trade value to ASEAN was RMB 934.55 billion, up by 8.1% year-on-year, accounting for 13.3%. The total trade value between China and Japan was RMB 505.55 billion, up by 3.2% year-on-year, accounting for 7.2%.

In the first quarter, the total value of China-US trade fell by 11% year-on-year to RMB 815.86 billion, accounting for 11.6% of the total foreign trade. Among them, exports were RMB 622.43 billion, down by 3.7% year-on-year, and imports was RMB 193.43 billion, down by 28.3% year-on-year. In March, the total trade volume between China and the United States was RMB 291.35 billion, up by 0.1% year-on-year, of which exports was RMB 214.99 billion, up by 10.6% year-on-year, and imports were RMB 76.36 billion, down by 21% year-on-year.

The authorities continued to point out that the domestic economy continued its overall stable and progressive development trend, and the economic operation remained within a reasonable range. Domestic demand, market expectations and other indicators were improving. Among them, the Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) of China rebounded in March, which shows the manufacturing industry is picking up. At the same time, the import and export prices has increased moderately, which has also boosted foreign trade growth. According to preliminary estimates, China's import and export prices rose by 3.5% and 4.4% respectively in the first quarter, showing a moderate upward trend. The pricing is one of the main driving factors for the growth of import and export in the first quarter. Among them, the contribution of export price to export growth reached 66.3%. On the import side, some import prices of bulk commodities increased rapidly, such as natural gas, iron ore, soybean, etc. Import prices rose by 28.2%, 12.8% and 8.8% respectively.